Funding of the management costs of the commercial SOK fishery is covered by the budget of the regional DFO fisheries management branch. There have been cases of vessels sinking from collisions or overloading of the vessel. In early , the DFO and industry began to discuss changes to the management of the groundfish trawl fishery Turris This scheme in addition to defending the freedom of the press, offers readers a quick, fair and free method of dealing with complaints that they may have in relation to articles that appear on our pages. Figure 11 shows the catches and inflation-adjusted landed values for the roe herring fishery. Red sea urchin licence-holders voluntarily implemented an equal allocation individual quota programme. Most importantly, safety has improved under vessel-pooling.
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In a small group of halibut licence-holders approached Fisheries and Oceans Canada for assistance in developing an individual quota IQ programme. The Department of Fisheries and Oceans also recognized that by removing the need to race for the fish, commercial fishers could concentrate on product quality and maximizing the value of their catch. The determination of the initial allocation formula for the groundfish trawl fishery was turned over to an independent arbitrator, a retired Supreme Court justice. The purpose of the GDA is to aid regional development, attain market and employment objectives, support sustainable fishing practices and ensure fair treatment of crews and safe vessel operation. Between and the number of active halibut vessels ranged from to and averaged about per year.
There was a rapid escalation in effort during the s that led to conservation concerns. If the current vessel owner acquired the licence after the start of the halibut fishery, then the historical allocation was based on the previous owner's catch history during the period. There are over 55 groundfish species under quota and various transferability and fishing rules exist. The sablefish fishery is now open from 1 January to 31 December and licenced vessels are permitted to fish at any time but must "hail-out" prior to proceedings to the fishing grounds and "hail-in" prior to landing Turris In , limited entry was introduced and Canadian fishing vessels received a commercial groundfish trawl or Category "T" licence. There is little information or data readily available to provide a basis for comment on the initial allocation process. Under the IVQ programme, vessel masters are required to notify an industry-funded contractor at least 24 hours prior to harvesting, changing fishing areas and landing green sea urchins.
This catch-monitoring and validation programme was a requirement of IVQ management in the sea cucumber fishery. Prior to vessel-pooling there was no limit on the number of licences that could be placed on a vessel. As a result of the increased catching capacity the TACs for many species were reached before the end of the year. The focus of the meeting was the initial allocation of quotas. Due to enforcement concerns and the costs for Fisheries and Oceans Canada to move to IVQs, the industry was required to develop and fund the catch-monitoring and validation programme that is still in place today. This led to a considerable amount of leasing between licence-holders, and this practice has become entrenched in the industry.